A strength of any nation’s military depends on how well it can defend, and offend in the three fronts of war – land, sea, and air. The Air Force of any military team in the world is always one of the most important segments of the military, for a strong air team means a wider reach and increased ability to harm. The Indian Air Force, holding itself at rank four in the world, in terms of the size of the force, is one of the strongest forces in the world, equipped with several deadly weapons and instruments of war, and of them are its fighter jets. Following are the Aircraft’s India might receive by the end of 2016.
1. HAL Tejas
The HAL Tejas fighter is designed and Developed by Hindustan aeronautical Limited. A single engine jet plane with delta wing design. The previously known as Light combat Aircraft Or LCA. The Tejas is the second supersonic fighter developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).The Tejas was cleared in January 2011 for use by Indian Air Force pilots. It received the second of three levels of operational clearance on 20 December 2013. On 17 January 2015, the first Tejas LCA was officially inducted into the IAF, with final operational clearance (FOC) expected to be in the middle of 2016. The first Tejas squadron to be based at Coimbatore is scheduled to enter service by 2017-2018.
|Type||Multi role Fighter jet|
|Status||Under testing by air force|
|Primary user||Indian Airforce, Indian Navy|
|Cost||160 crore RS for Mark 1
190 crore for mark 2
|wing area||38.4 meters|
|Empty weight||6.5 tonnes|
|Maximum takeoff weight||13.2 tonnes|
|Engine||1 x General electric F404 turbofan with afterburner|
|Fuel capacity||2500 kg|
|Combat Radius||500 km|
|Ferry range||1700 km|
|service ceiling||50000 ft|
|Armaments and weapons||Guns: 1x 23 mm gsh canon,
Rockets: s-8 135mm rocketpods,
Missiles: Astra, Derby,python5,R-77,R-73,kh-59me,kh59mk, KH-35,KH31
Bombs: KAB-1500 laser bombs,
|Avionics||Adavanced AESA Radar Isareli EL-M2052
IRST, LITENING Targeting pods
2. Dassault Rafale
The most significant development of 2015 was the scrapping of the $20-billion (Rs 1.45 lakh crore) Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) deal for the purchase of 126 French Dassault Rafale fighter jets.
On 10 April 2015, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Paris, it was announced that India would buy 36 Dassault Rafales in fly-away condition. The deal was finalised in November 2015, and will be signed in January 2016 on the eve of French President François Hollande’s visit to India for Republic Day celebrations.the first aircraft will be delivered to the IAF by early 2019, with the full complement of aircraft to be delivered by 2023.
|Developed by||Dassault Aviation|
|Type||Multirole Fighter jet|
|Status||In active service|
|Primary user||French Air Force,French Navy,Egyptian Air Force,Qatar Air Force,Indian Air Force(expected)|
|Cost||$74,000,000 or 1000 crore|
3. Sukhoi/HAL FGFA
The programme for India and Russia to jointly develop a Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft long touted as the flagship of a time-tested defence relationship, has run into a stone wall.
Documents available with Business Standard indicate India’s defence ministry is cold-shouldering Russian requests to continue the negotiations on a “R&D Draft Contract”, which will govern the partnership to develop a futuristic, fifth-generation fighter.
According to the MOD representative, an alternative to the Russian T-50 could be the American F-35, which is also undergoing final tests. “However, India has often ignored hints from the USA regarding the possible delivery of this aircraft”, the representative said.
India said on August 12, it might purchase three squadrons of ready Russian fifth generation T-50 fighters, instead of constructing 127 similar aircraft with Russia. India does intend to build its own fifth generation fighters called AMCA.
FGFA was the earlier designation for the Indian version, while the combined project is now called the Perspective Multi-Role Fighter (PMF).
The completed PMF will include a total of 43 improvements over the T-50, including stealth, supercruise, advanced sensors, networking and combat avionics.Two separate prototypes will be developed, one by Russia and a separate one by India.The aircraft is expected to be pressed into service by 2022.
|Name||Sukhoi/HAL FGFA or PMF|
|Developed by||Sukhoi Aviation Company and Hindustan Aeronautics limited|
|Type||Fifth Generation Air Superiority Fighter|
|Origin Country||Russia and India|
|First flight||Under Development|
|Primary user||Indian Air Force|
|Cost||$ 100 million or 650 crore|
we hope these deals are signed soon so that we receive the best fighter jets out there….